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UK Election 1950's constituency map

A UK Election 1950's constituency map. Both the counties and constituencies were different to those in use today. The small and lightly populated Kinross-shire, Rutland, City of London ("The Square Mile"), Moray and Nairnshire were all merged in to other places for electoral purposes.

The eventEdit

OverviewEdit

The parties back then were lead by intelligent leaders, used dynamic party manifestos, had distinct policies, sleaze was never used and they did not indulge in corruption or voter intimidation.

UK politics was sadly ruined in the latter Blair years with sleazy attitudes leading to faceless functionaries doing corrupt and dishonest acts.

BackgroundEdit

The 1950 United Kingdom general election was the first ever general election to be held after a full term of a Labour government. The election was held on 23 February 1950. Despite polling over one and a half million votes more than the Conservatives, and receiving more votes than they had during the 1945 election, Labour obtained a slim majority of just five seats — a stark contrast to 1945, when they had achieved a 146-seat majority. Labour called another general election in 1951.

Significant changes since the  1945 general election included the abolition of plural voting by the Representation of the People Act 1948, and a major reorganisation of constituencies by the  House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949. Debate over both domestic poverty and the emergent Cold War also emerge at times.

Eleven new English seats were created and six abolished, and there were over 170 major alterations to constituencies across the country. Turnout increased to 83.9%, the highest turnout in a UK general election under universal suffrage. It was also the first election to be covered on TV, although the footage was not recorded.

Party campaignsEdit

UK Election 1950's industry type map (1)

A rough guide to the types of industry by the time of the 1950 election.

Both the Conservative and Labour parties entered the campaign positively. The Conservatives, having recovered from their heavy election defeat in 1945, accepted most of the nationalisation that had taken place under the Attlee government, which included the creation of the NHS, British Rail and the mixed system economy. The campaign essentially focused on the possible future nationalisation of other sectors and industries, which was supported by the Labour party, and opposed by the Tories.

The Liberals essentially viewed the struggle between the two parties on this issue as a class struggle. The Liberal Party fielded 475 candidates, more than at any election since 1929. Liberal leader Clement Davies felt that the party had been at a disadvantage at the 1945 election when they ran fewer candidates than needed to form a government. Davies arranged for the cost of running extra candidates to be offset by the party taking out insurance with Lloyd's of London against more than 50 candidates losing their deposits. In the event, a total of 319 Liberal candidates lost their deposits, a record number until 2015, when candidates for the Liberal Democrats lost 335 deposits in the general election held in May. 

The party leadersEdit

The party leaders.
Name. Party. Seat.
Clement Attlee. Labour. Limehouse Stayed in office.
Winston Churchill. Conservative. Woodford Stayed in office.
Clement Davies. Liberal. Montgomeryshire Stayed in office.
John Maclay. Liberal National. West Renfrewshire Stayed in office.
James Stuart. Unionist. Moray and Nairn Stayed in office.

ResultsEdit

UK Election 1950 Map

The colours denote the winning party, as shown in the main table of results. (Map does not show results in Northern Ireland) Including Scottish Unionists, Ulster Unionists, and National Liberals- the National Liberals had united with the Conservatives at the constituency level in 1947. The SNP and PC had yet to get an MP.

  1. Labour- 315.
  2. Conservative- 246.
  3. Unionist- 26.
  4. National Liberal- 16.
  5. UUP- 10.
  6. Liberal- 9.
  7. Irish Nationalist- 2.
  8. Independent Liberal- 1.
  • Turn-out 83.9%, +11.1%.

Also seeEdit

  1. The NCB
  2. Elections
  3. British Rail
  4. The Cold War
  5. Sir Edward Heath
  6. Sir Anthony Eden
  7. Sir Harold Wilson
  8. A political diorama
  9. Sir Harold McMillan
  10. Ebbw Vale Steelworks
  11. London's political 'Loony Left'
  12. Some typical UK Parliament constituencies
  13. United States presidential election, 1952
  14. Lord Louis Mountbatten's very British coup
  15. British railways and tramways from 1945 to 1990
  16. How 6 East London railway stations are an analogy of London's East End!

Videos of the 1940s, 1950s and 1960sEdit

Camping Holiday Scotland 1950s

Camping Holiday Scotland 1950s.

Camping Holiday Scotland 1950s.

Hatfield of my Youth Hatfield Hertfordshire 1950's and 60's

Hatfield of my Youth Hatfield Hertfordshire 1950's and 60's

A memory of Hatfield Hertfordshire growing up in the 50's and 60's.

Wirral Past 1940 - 1950s - Part 5 of 5

Wirral Past 1940 - 1950s - Part 5 of 5

There's a couple of VHS videos Ii own which I've just converted to DVD with quite a bit of History on the Wirral as I love my History I thought I would share with you how the Wirral looked back in the 1940 - 1950s. All Credit goes to Angus Tilston for making these outstanding videos.. He has more videos Available to buy visit his site here.. http://www.pleasurespast.nepc.co.uk Pleasures Past own Angus Tilston is a member of the following movie club pleas support there Youtube Site http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g1Is1GyL1zU and please pass by http://www.swanmoviemakerswirral.org.uk/ for more intresting videos.

SourcesEdit

GeneralEdit

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom_general_election,_1950
  2. http://www.election.demon.co.uk/geresults.html
  3. http://web.archive.org/web/20151208092654/http://blogs.new.spectator.co.uk/2015/05/liberal-democrats-face-soaring-fines-for-failing-to-win-enough-votes/
  4. http://www.ukpolitical.info/Turnout45.htm
  5. http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/vote2001/in_depth/election_battles/1950_over.stm
  6. http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/vote2001/in_depth/election_battles/1945_over.stm
  7. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/vote_2005/basics/4393273.stm
  8. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_MPs_elected_in_the_United_Kingdom_general_election,_1950

Party manifestosEdit

  1. http://politicsresources.net/area/uk/man/con50.htm.
  2. http://politicsresources.net/area/uk/man/lab50.htm
  3. http://politicsresources.net/area/uk/man/lib50.htm
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