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Self-propelled laser system 1K17 Szhatie

A preserved 1K17 Szhatie. Author: Vitaly V. Kuzmin.

OverviewEdit

The 1K17 Szhatie (Russian:1К17 Сжатие — "Compression") is a self-propelled laser vehicle of Russian origin. The platform uses a Msta-S chassis with a battery of laser projectors mounted in the turret. It was developed by the Soviet Union in order to disable the optical-electronic equipment of enemy missiles, ground and aerial vehicles.

HistoryEdit

The 1K17 Szhatie was developed in the 1970s and 1980s. Although the Soviet Union attempted to keep the plans secret, the Pentagon managed to obtain drawings from defectors. Western intelligence services code named it the Stiletto. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the development of the Szhatie was abandoned, as the development and manufacturing of the laser projection system had become too expensive and unnecessary. 2 of these "tanks" were tested, with one being scrapped and the other being displayed in the Army Technology Museum near Moscow, but without its laser projector.

The Russian Armed Forces already have been commissioned some types of laser weaponry, Deputy Defense Minister of the country Yuri Borisov said on 02 August 2016. These might be laser systems for jamming tank armament command systems. 

As with all lasers, they are expensive and require a large amount of electrical power and liquid coolants.

DesignEdit

The "tank" used an intense laser beam to disable the optical-electronic equipment of the enemy vehicles. This was created by focusing light through 30 kg of artificial rubies which made the whole system very expensive to produce. The optics that produced the laser were placed at the end of a silver coated spiral which helped amplify the beam and increase convergence. The energy to power the laser was provided by a generator and an auxiliary battery system. The lenses themselves were able to operate in different environments by moving metal caps closer to protect the lens. It was also equipped with a 12.7mm NSV machine gun to defend itself against attacks by infantry and air.

There was also the similar-purpose laser system, called "Sangvin", that is based on the ZSU-23-4 self-propelled anti-aircraft gun.

Also seeEdit

  1. Tanks and APCs
  2. ZSU-23-4 self-propelled anti-aircraft gun

SourcesEdit

  1. http://englishrussia.com/2012/05/15/star-wars-laser-machines-of-the-soviet-past/
  2. http://englishrussia.com/2011/11/08/secret-laser-devices-of-the-soviet-union/
  3. https://sputniknews.com/russia/20160807/1044027427/russia-laser-weapons.html
  4. https://sputniknews.com/military/20160802/1043869562/russia-laser-weapons.html
  5. http://army-news.ru/2011/12/boevye-kvantovye-generatory-sssr/
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