1945-1991: Cold War world Wiki
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The event[]

Georgi Ivanov Markov was a Bulgarian dissident writer who was killed in London during 1978, 9 years after he had defected, with a an umbrella wielded by someone associated with the the Komitet za dǎržavna sigurnost (CSS) (the Bulgarian secret police). It was an umbrella with a hidden pneumatic mechanism which injected a small ricin-filled pellet in to the inteded victim when they are prodded with it. The pellet was a small 1.52mm platinum pellet with two small holes drilled through it.

Vladimir Kostov died likewise later the same year in the Paris Métro in another Komitet za dǎržavna sigurnost (CSS) assassination mission.

Also see[]

  1. KGB
  2. CIA

Outside sources[]

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulgarian_umbrella
  2. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/11/newsid_2514000/2514187.stm
  3. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2143522/German-man-stabbed-poison-umbrella-dies-year-attack-chilling-echoes-infamous-Markov-assassination.html
  4. http://www.murdermap.co.uk/pages/cases/case.asp?CID=490612156
  5. https://thevieweast.wordpress.com/2011/09/09/the-curious-case-of-the-poisoned-umbrella-the-murder-of-georgi-markov/
  6. http://articles.latimes.com/2013/sep/12/world/la-fg-wn-bulgaria-umbrella-killing-case-closed-20130912
  7. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/crime/9949856/Prime-suspect-in-Georgi-Markov-umbrella-poison-murder-tracked-down-to-Austria.html
  8. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulgarian_umbrella
  9. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgi_Markov