1945-1991: Cold War world Wiki
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The former US President Herbert Hoover had raised the points that killing 25,000,000 Germans in revenge, abolishing all industry, always looting it of anything of value or totally annexing it to one or more of it's neighbours was political and economically insane to say the least! He also pointed out that Europe needed German industry, especial that relating to the coal and steel industries during the March of 1947.

Sir Winston Churchill said such plans were "inhuman and unChristian" while General DeGall wanted to annex the Saar coalfieds, not destroy them!  

The currency reform in 1948 was headed by the the Allied military government and helped Germany to restore economic stability by encouraging production.

The Deutsche Mark, along with the Marshall Plan that propped up many western European nations, appeared to be a way of reviving the ruined German nation regardless of Soviet objections. Stalin considered setting up W. Berlin as a capitalist bastion in the Soviet zone a economic threat and a political provocation.

France also wanted to join the coal-rich Saarland with the iron-rich its province of Lorraine to create a new industrial center to rival Germany's on the River Ruhr and the River Rhine. They thought the Soviets were for the most part right for devastating Germany, but did not want either part or all of Germany to be permanently occupied by the Soviets or turned in to a communist puppet state. This had ready occurred elsewhere with the Czechoslovak coup d'état of 1948.

The Morgenthau Plan and Monnet Plan[]

The Morgenthau Plan and Monnet Plan were

The Morgenthau Plan[]

  • Germany was to be partitioned into two independent states.
  • Germany's main centers of mining and industry, including the Saar Protectorate, the Ruhr and Upper Silesia were to be internationalized or annexed by neighboring nations.
  • All heavy industry was to be dismantled or otherwise destroyed.
  • Germany was to be using ~$6.5 million over 20 years to build some (number unspecified) monuments to the victims of the Holocaust, the occupation of France, the occupation of the Netherlands and Polish political\ethnic war dead.

The Monnet Plan[]

Top ten GDP (real) ranks as of 1946[]

  1. Flag of the United States.svg USA ~ $2,375.75 billion
  2. Flag of the Soviet Union.png USSR ~ $605.56 billion
  3. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom ~ $604.21 billion
  4. 30px India ~ $469.86 billion
  5. 30px China ~ $438.62 billion
  6. Flag of France.svg France ~ $282.69 billion
  7. Flag of Germany.svg Germany ~ $260.95 billion
  8. 30px Italy ~ $208.25 billion
  9. 30px Japan ~ $202.92 billion
  10. 30px Canada ~ $159.38 billion

Occupation zone, region, Landkreise, Kreise and kreisfreie Städte maps[]

Also see[]

  1. Marshall Plan
  2. Berlin airlift
  3. Czechoslovak coup d'état of 1948
  4. FRG
  5. GDR
  6. EU


  1. http://www.hdbg.de/verfas/vb1203.htm
  2. https://thewarforchristendom.wordpress.com/2016/03/03/churchill-on-the-destruction-of-austria-hungary/
  3. http://www.historytoday.com/allan-mallinson/churchills-plan-win-first-world-war
  4. http://yellowlegs-and-others.com/Events/Conference,_1945-02-04_Yalta.html
  5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1948_Czechoslovak_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
  6. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Truman_Doctrine
  7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Blockade
  8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marshall_Plan
  9. https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/marshall-plan
  10. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/366654/Marshall-Plan
  11. http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/mwh/ir2/trumandoctrineandmarshallplanrev1.shtml
  12. http://www.trumanlibrary.org/whistlestop/study_collections/marshall/large/index.php
  13. http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/History/History-idx?id=History.omg1952Jan
  14. http://military.wikia.com/wiki/Morgenthau_Plan
  15. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allied-occupied_Germany
  16. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allied_plans_for_German_industry_after_World_War_II
  17. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allied-occupied_Germany
  18. https://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morgenthau%C5%AFv_pl%C3%A1n
  19. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_annexation_of_German_territory_after_World_War_II
  20. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duchy_of_Schleswig
  21. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monnet_Plan
  22. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1949_anti-NATO_riot_in_Iceland
  23. http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/26410922
  24. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allied_plans_for_German_industry_after_World_War_II
  25. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sudeten_Germans
  26. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oldenburg
  27. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_Hanover
  28. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morgenthau_Plan
  29. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Coal_and_Steel_Community
  30. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monnet_Plan
  31. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saar_Protectorate
  32. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Authority_for_the_Ruhr
  33. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allied_plans_for_German_industry_after_World_War_II
  34. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Ruhr
  35. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potsdam_Conference
  36. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1948_Czechoslovak_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat
  37. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Truman_Doctrine
  38. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Blockade
  39. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marshall_Plan
  40. https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/marshall-plan
  41. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/366654/Marshall-Plan
  42. http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/mwh/ir2/trumandoctrineandmarshallplanrev1.shtml
  43. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1949_anti-NATO_riot_in_Iceland
  44. http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/26410922
  45. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allied_plans_for_German_industry_after_World_War_II
  46. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sudeten_Germans
  47. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oldenburg
  48. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_Hanover
  49. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morgenthau_Plan
  50. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Coal_and_Steel_Community
  51. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monnet_Plan
  52. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saar_Protectorate
  53. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Authority_for_the_Ruhr
  54. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allied_plans_for_German_industry_after_World_War_II
  55. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Ruhr
  56. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potsdam_Conference