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The camp was established in 1948 to accommodate an influx of Palestinian refugees from the Galilee in present-day northern Israel. Author: A worker at Al Jazeera English. This file comes from the Al Jazeera Creative Commons Repository.


Bourj el-Barajneh  (Arabic: برج البراجنة‎‎, "Tower of Towers") is a municipality located in the southern suburbs of Beirut, in Lebanon. The municipality lies between Beirut–Rafic Hariri International Airport and the town of Haret Hreik.

In the June 7, 2009 parliamentary election in Lebanon, Bourj al-Barajneh voted in the Baabda electoral division.

Its local population is mainly Lebanese Shia Muslims but due to its cheap housing and hospitable locals, it has acquired a sizable Lebanese Sunni Muslims and some Lebanese Maronite Christian because of its proximity to the town of Haret Hreik, as well as refugee populations like Kurds, Iraqis (including Iraqi Assyrians) and other refugee populations like recently arrived Syrian refugees that reside mainly in and around the local Palestinian refugee camp. The town was founded by Arab settlers.


Bourj el-Barajneh\Burj el-Barajneh is also known as the Barajneh after a rebel who killed a slave of Fakhr-al-Din II (1590–1635). Bourj el-Barajneh (Arabic: برج البراجنة‎‎, Literally- "Tower of Towers").

Bourj el-Barajneh Refugee Camp[]

The Bourj el-Barajneh Refugee Camp is located at the edge of the municipality. The League of Red Cross Societies established the camp in 1948 to accommodate an influx of Palestinian refugees from present-day northern Israel.

The camp was laid siege to by the Israeli army and Lebanese Christian Phalangists during 1982, after Israel invaded Lebanon earlier that year. It (and other Palestinian Camps) was also laid siege to by Amal Militia from February 1984 to February 1987 for the control of West Beirut.

According to UNRWA more than 20,000 Palestinian refugees live in the camp, though originally only 10,000 were planned to live in the one square kilometer site. After the crisis in Syria, many Syrian refugees moved to the camp, dramatically increasing its population. The camp conditions are horrible, and many deaths are recorded every year from electrocution and collapsing buildings.

November 2015 Bombings[]

On 12 November 2015, the town of Bourj el-Barajneh was the scene of twin suicide bombings. At least 37 people were killed and more than 180 were injured. One man, father of three, Adel Termos, threw himself on the second bomber and saved 'countless lives' at the cost of his own. 


Hezbollah (pronounced /ˌhɛzbəˈlɑː/; Arabic: حزب الله‎ Ḥizbu 'llāh, literally "Party of Allah" or "Party of God")—also transliterated Hizbullah, Hizballah, etc. —is a Shi'a Islamic paramilitary group and political party based in Lebanon. Hezbollah's paramilitary wing is widely seen as a resistance movement throughout much of the Arab world. Hezbollah maintains strong support among Lebanon's Shi'a as well as general population. After the death of Abbas al-Musawi in 1992, the organisation has been headed by Hassan Nasrallah, its Secretary-General.

It was founded in 1985 and defeated outside the Beqaa Valley, Bourj el-Barajneh and Ghajar and Barutie in 2006.

Also see[]

  1. Time line of Iraq
  2. Iranian Revolution
  3. Arab League
  4. Yom Kippur War
  5. Six-Day War
  6. Suez Crisis
  7. 1948 Palestine war
  8. Iran-Iraq war
  9. Middle East
  10. Iranian videos page
  11. Iran-Iraq war
  12. Palestine vs Israel
  13. 1970s energy crises
  14. Arab–Israeli conflict
  15. Qibya massacre
  16. North Yemen Civil War
  17. Arab–Israeli conflict
  18. Israeli–Palestinian conflict
  19. North Yemen-South Yemen Border Conflict of 1972
  20. North Yemen Civil War
  21. Cold War
  22. United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)
  23. 1978 South Lebanon conflict
  24. Blue Line
  25. Israel-Lebanon conflict
  26. Qibya massacre
  27. Six-Day War
  28. Suez Crisis
  29. Aden Emergency
  30. Yom Kippur War
  31. Time line of Iraq
  32. 1948 Palestine war
  33. Iranian Revolution
  34. 1970s energy crises
  35. Israeli–Palestinian conflict
  36. 1953 Iranian coup d'état
  37. Israel invasion of Lebanon in 1982
  38. What women should wear in the Middle East
  39. North Yemen-South Yemen Border Conflict of 1972
  40. United Nations Security Council Resolution 267
  41. United Nations Security Council Resolution 280
  42. United Nations Security Council Resolution 270
  43. United Nations Security Council Resolution 250
  44. United Nations Security Council Resolution 251
  45. United Nations Security Council Resolution 242


  1. http://www.un.org/unrwa/refugees/lebanon/barajneh.html
  2. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,963603,00.html
  3. http://photos.cmaq.net/main.php?g2_itemId=12049
  4. http://cepal.ca/index.php?id=134
  5. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,963603,00.html
  6. http://edition.cnn.com/2015/11/12/middleeast/beirut-explosions/index.html
  7. http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-11-13/fathers-split-second-decision-during-bombings-beirut-saved-countless-lives
  8. http://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/the-fearless-father-who-threw-himself-on-a-suicide-bomber-saving-hundreds-of-lives-in-beirut/ar-BBn4Fp2?li=BBgzzfc&ocid=mailsignout
  9. http://photos.cmaq.net/main.php?g2_itemId=12049
  10. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bourj_el-Barajneh
  11. https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burj_el-Barajneh