1945-1991: Cold War world Wiki

The Bydgoszcz events (Polish:wypadki bydgoskie) was a major turning point in the early history of the emergent pro-democracy Solidarity trades union movement. NSZZ RI Solidarność (Independent Self-Governing Trade Union of Individual Farmers Solidarity, also called Rural Solidarity) was created, but not legalised by the authorities. Because this a strike was proclaimed on March 16, 1981 in the Polish Vodvoidship of Bydgoszcz. The local police and security forces brutally pacified (beat up) the Solidarity members. Both the ZOMO and Milicja Obywatelska were known to be state run thugs in uniforms.

Solidarity decided to go on an nationwide strike on March 24 in protest against the violence aimed at the delegates and the government backed down on 25 March when the deputy prime minister Mieczysław F. Rakowski started a conference with the leaders of the Solidarity. The signing of the so-called Warsaw Accords on March 30, 1981 and Solidarity was allowed to report the Bydgoszcz events on public television, which the first such independent news behind the Iron Curtain since the 1940s. The government also pledged to continue with the talks on registration of a trade union of farmers.

Also see[]

  1. 1968 Polish political crisis
  2. 1970 Polish protests
  3. The 1981 warning strike in Poland
  4. 1962 Szczecin military parade accident
  5. 1971 Łódź strikes
  6. Summer 1981 hunger demonstrations in Poland
  7. 1981 Declaration of Martial Law in Poland
  8. "Poland is 'toast'!"
  9. Polish October
  10. Polish United Workers' Party
  11. Poznań 1956 protests
  12. 1968 Polish political crisis
  13. 1968 Polish political crisis
  14. 1970 Polish protests
  15. People's Republic of Poland
  16. Bolesław Bierut
  17. 1962 Szczecin military parade accident
  18. Polish People's Republic


  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bydgoszcz_events
  2. https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/04/22/twih-a22.html
  3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcin_Jaskulski
  4. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=wI9TUaZZeAMC&pg=PR37&lpg=PR37&dq=Bydgoszcz+events+of+March+1981&source=bl&ots=EyqOMw7lCd&sig=aBNzZpGqLV83qqP09tWjyoNXxYw&hl=en&sa=X&ei=WTJbVYS1C-iU7QaUu4HABg&ved=0CDkQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=Bydgoszcz%20events%20of%20March%201981&f=false