cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch. They are usually called ministers, but in some jurisdictions are sometimes called secretaries.

How it worksEdit

The functions of a cabinet are varied: in some countries it is a collegial decision-making body with collective responsibility, while in others it may function either as a purely advisory body or an assisting institution to a decision making head of state or head of government. In some countries, the cabinet is called "Council of Ministers" or "Government Council" or lesser known names such as "Federal Council" (in Switzerland), "Inner Council" or "High Council". These countries may differ in the way that the cabinet is used or established.

In some countries, particularly those that use a parliamentary system (e.g., the UK), the Cabinet collectively decides the government's direction, especially in regard to legislation passed by the parliament. In countries with a presidential system, such as the United States, the Cabinet does not function as a collective legislative influence; rather, their primary role is as an official advisory council to the head of government. In this way, the President gets opinions and advice in upcoming decisions.

Legally, under both types of systems, the Westminster variant of a parliamentary system and the presidential system, the Cabinet "advises" the Head of State: the difference is that, in a parliamentary system, the monarch, viceroy or ceremonial president will almost always follow this advice, whereas in a presidential system, a president who is also head of government and political leader may depart from the Cabinet's advice if he does not agree with it.

In nearly all parliamentary democracies that do not follow the Westminster system, and in three countries that do (Japan, Ireland, and Israel), very often the Cabinet does not "advise" the Head of State as he (or she) plays only a ceremonial role. Instead, it is usually the Head of Government who holds all means of power in his hands (e.g., in Germany, Sweden, etc.) and the Cabinet reports to him (or her).

Its membersEdit

  1. Prime Minister
  2. First Lord of the Treasury\Chief Treasury
  3. Minister for the Civil Service
  4. Chancellor of the Exchequer\Treasury Secretary\Fiance Minister\Financial Affairs
  5. Secretary of State for the Home Office\Home Department\ the Interior\Home Affairs\Interior affairs
  6. Secretary of State for Foreign Office\Foreign Affairs 
  7. Secretary of State for Defense
  8. Secretary of State for Justice
  9. Secretary of State for Education
  10. Minister for Women and Equalities
  11. Minister for Utilities and infrastructure (during a major period of infrastructure development, major repairs after a war, major repairs after a disaster like an earthquake or during the mass upgrading of a underdeveloped 3rd World nation like Nigeria).
  12. Minister for Information
  13. Minister for Science
  14. Minister of Propaganda (usually during wars or in collapsing dictatorships)
  15. Minister of State Works and Building Projects
  16. Minister for oil (in oil rich places like Saudi Arabia and Venezuela).
  17. Minister for mining (in mineral and coal rich places like S. Africa and Kazakhstan).
  18. Secretary of State for the Regions
  19. Secretary of State for the Colonial and Dependent Territories
  20. Minister for Homeland Security
  21. Minister for Cyber Security
  22. Minister for the Frontier Security\Borders\Border Agency\Border Integrity\Border Security (usually during wars, smuggling upswings or in collapsing dictatorships).
  23. Secretary of State for Agriculture and Fisheries
  24. Secretary of State for International Trade
  25. President of the Board of Trade\Domestic Trade
  26. Secretary of State for Energy
  27. Secretary of State for Industry
  28. Secretary of State for Environment
  29. Secretary of State for Housing
  30. Secretary of State for Aviation
  31. Secretary of State for Procurement\Armaments\Munitions\War Effort (during wars).
  32. Secretary of State for Production
  33. Secretary of State for Telecoms\Telecommunications (during a major period of infrastructure development, major repairs after a war, major repairs after a disaster like an earthquake or during the mass upgrading of a underdeveloped 3rd World nation like Nigeria).
  34. Secretary of State for Employment\Labour.
  35. Secretary of State for Health
  36. Secretary of State for Social securities and Pensions
  37. Secretary of State for Transport\Transportation.
  38. Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
  39. Secretary of State for Rural Affairs
  40. Secretary of State for Food and Water Supplies (often drought and famine hit lands like Ethiopia and Somalia).
  41. Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Overseas aid
  42. Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Environmental issues and recycling
  43. The 'City' Minister A unique UK post for monitoring the London financial district which the British call "The City".
  44. Secretary of State for International Development
  45. Secretary of State for Culture, Media, Tourism and Sport
  46. Minister for the Cabinet Office
  47. Paymaster General
  48. Postmaster General
  49. Attorney General


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