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Here is the story of the AK-47 Mikhail Kalashnikov.

Kalashnikov ( Russian Автомат Калашникова, transcription Awtomat Kalaschnikowa, abbreviated AK) is the name given to a number of Soviet-Russian storm and machine guns , which according to the developer of the original model, Mikhail Kalashnikov , are named. The original model was constructed in 1947 and is also known by the acronym AK-47 for Awtomat Kalaschnikowa, obrasza 47 ( Cyrillic Автомат Калашникова образца 47) are known. It is estimated that 80 [1] to 100 million produced copies of the various models of this series from. Approximately 60 States are upgrading or trimmed their army with models of the Kalashnikov series, especially the Soviet army .

The weapon was, and is, in the terminology of many states of the former Warsaw Pact as a machine gun called (MPi-K). The weapon lying between conventional submachine guns in pistol calibers and automatic assault rifles for heavy rifle ammunition can most accurately than Maschinenkarabiner be referred. According to the present definition, this combination of weapon and ammunition with a medium cartridge but counted as assault rifles. The NVA called the AK-47 as a submachine gun. The term assault rifle was in the GDR not in use.

The weapons of the weapons plants are made ​​Kalashnikov Concern in Izhevsk and Tula Arms Plant in Tula . In addition, there are a large number of copies under license and in other countries.


944 Mikhail Kalashnikov developed as an employee of the Kalashnikov Concern -Rüstungswerke a semi-automatic carbine . Whose closure system was the model for virtually all developed later Soviet automatic weapons. Based on the experience with the German assault rifle 44 in the last months of the war of the Second World War intensified the interest in a speedy introduction of a similar assault rifle in the Red Army on. The physical resemblance with the assault rifle 44 often led to believe, Mikhail Kalashnikov've copied the German weapon. [5] were supported such views by the fact that Hugo Schmeisser - a luminary in the field of automatic handguns - instrumental in the construction of the assault rifle 44 was involved and after the Second World War, several years as a weapons designer in the USSR had to work. The development of the AK-47 began but before the end of the war. Unavoidable regularities of weapon manufacturing force virtually all-optical similarities. About the barrel mounted structures (eg. As housing for throttle linkage) and the then common practice to install the rear sight in front of the shutter opening and the grain on Ongoing require a towering grain on a trapezoidal base. The accommodation of 30 short conical cartridge is only possible in a curved magazine. The main difference from the StGw44 is that this is a gas operated weapon with tilting block lock, while the AK-47 with a rotary bolt head was fitted.

1946 built the experimental design office Kalashnikov ( KB Kalashnikov ) the first prototype of an automatic rifle in caliber 7.62 × 39 mm and reported it to for testing.

1947, the prototype was revised and cut in comparative tests from the best weapon. On February 20, 1947, the series production of the weapon was incorporated in the state Ischmaschwerken, which in 1949 as 7.62 mm Awtomat Kalaschnikowa, obrasza 1947 ( German 7.62mm Kalashnikov automatic rifle from, model 1947) was made ​​official by the Soviet army in service , Other names are signed and, especially in the West spread, AK-47.

The AK-47 has a simple muzzle nut to prevent damage to the running thread. The gas piston guide tube bears on each side a row of four gas relief holes.

A holder for the bayonet was only added in later produced AK-47.

The weight is 3.9 kg unloaded and loaded 4.3 kg.

The AK-47 semi-automatic rifle displaced the Simonov SKS-45 , which was introduced only a few years earlier in the Red Army.

The variant with folding down buttstock, AKS (S stands for skladnoj, collapsible), was introduced in 1950. [9] It was structurally among others, parachute , tank - and missile forces issued.

In 1959, the AK has been revised and was designated the AKM, Awtomat Kalaschnikowa Modernisirowanny ( German modernized). The closure case of the new weapon was now in sheet metal stamping process produced what was making it more robust and had a considerable reduction in weight by 1.16 kg and sequence. The AKM received instead of the simple mouth mother a compensator ; while the muzzle nut (seen from the shooters) on the bottom left slightly longer for the powder gases flowing out of the running, press the shooting weapon down to the left and so reduce the migration of continuous fire. Contrary to earlier in the West held view that AK has never been a muzzle brake possessed. The muzzle nut is connected by a left-hand thread with the muzzle and the complaining party, if necessary blank cartridge device replaced.

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