|Operated by.||Royal Air Force, United States Army Air Forces and then United States Air Force..|
|Owned by.||Ministry of Defence.|
|Outside link.||http://www.greenham-common.org.uk/ixbin/hixclient.exe?a=file&p=greenham&f=greenham.htm, http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Greenham_Common_Women%27s_Peace_Camp, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RAF_Greenham_Common and http://www.greenhamwpc.org.uk/.|
The first Americans arived in 1942 with the 51st Troop Carrier Wing Headquarters, arriving in September 1942. The 51st TCW controlled the three troop carrier groups at RAF Keevil (62nd TCG), RAF Aldermaston (60th TCG) and RAF Ramsbury (64th TCG) as part of Twelfth Air Force.
The Soviet deployment of the technically superior SS-20 missile from 1975 caused major concern in the NATO alliance.
America chose to deploy in Europe from 1983 up to 464 USAF Gryphon Ground Launched Cruise Missile (GLCMs) that were based on the US Navy BGM-109 Tomahawk Cruise Missile, as well as 108 US Army Pershing II ballistic missiles. Some SLCM and ALCM were also deployed. RAF Molesworth and Greenham Air Base were the recipients of the non submarine launched missiles.
It closed in 1991 and was later demolished. The site is now mostly parkland and only a few concrete strips remain were the runways used to be.
He believe that the could bring down the Soviets economy and moral with a new arms race in Europe and that if if it came to a conventional war, that the Europeans would crush the inferior Soviets easily.
The Soviets did not like the end of peace talks or being bullied and threatened. They became terrified, thought President Reagan was a warmonger and were preparing to use nuclear weapons to prevent an American surprise atomic attack that in reality would have never happened.
The Peace camp began in September 1981 after a Welsh group, Women for Life on Earth, arrived at Greenham to protest against the decision of the British government to allow cruise missiles to be based there. It would last for 19 years. CND joined the camp a short while later.
I was 10 back then and did not like scaremongering Americans occupying our nation under apparently false pretences in the 1950s, but neither did I like the 1980s anti-establishment rabble who did not understand that we needed to see off the Soviets now relations had broken down. If only we had Glasnost after the Berlin Airlift, not mutually assured bloody mindedness and political bigotry!...