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56-BMTC Flight cropped

The prototype Ajeet, E1083, preserved outside HAL's headquarters in Bangalore.

DataEdit

HAL Ajeet.
Category. Statistic.
First flight on. 1976.
Retired on. 1991.
Major contractor(s) . Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.
Dose it use nukes or cruse missiles. No.
Fight ceiling   45,000 ft (13,720 m).
Top speed. 1,152 km/h (622 knots, 716 mph) at sea level.
VTOL. No.
Range. 172 km (93 nmi, 107 mi) low level, with two 250 kg bombs.
Crew. 1.
Nationality(s). India.
Class. Lightweight ground-attack and interceptor fighter aircraft. Two-seat advanced jet training prototype.
Rate of climb A climb from 0m (0ft) to 12,000 m (39,375 ft): 6 min 2 s
Links. http://aircraft.wikia.com/wiki/HAL_Ajeet, https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=HAL%20Ajeet, https://www.onwar.com/weapons/aircraft/planes/HAL-Ajeet.html, http://www.airvectors.net/avgnat.html, https://images.search.yahoo.com/search/images;_ylt=A0LEV1sFUNdY.9wAZPlXNyoA;_ylu=X3oDMTEydWxicGdtBGNvbG8DYmYxBHBvcwMxBHZ0aWQDQjM2MDRfMQRzZWMDc2M-?p=HAL+Ajeet&fr=yset_chr_cnewtab, http://military.wikia.com/wiki/HAL_Ajeet, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HAL_Ajeet, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HAL_Ajeet, http://www.airvectors.net/avgnat.html,

https://www.onwar.com/weapons/aircraft/planes/HAL-Ajeet.html, https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=HAL%20Ajeet and http://planes.axlegeeks.com/l/1291/HAL-Ajeet

OverviewEdit

The HAL Ajeet (Sanskrit: अजित, for Invincible or Unconquerable) was a development of the British Folland Gnat fighter that was built under licence in India by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.

Design and developmentEdit

BackgroundEdit

The Indian Air Force (IAF) operated the Folland Gnat light jet fighter from 1958, with over 200 aircraft being license built by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). The aircraft proved successful in combat in both the 1965 and the 1971 War with Pakistan, both in the low-level air superiority role and for short range ground attack missions, while being inexpensive to build and operate.

It had unreliable systems, particularly the control system, however, and was difficult to maintain. The Indian Air Force therefore issued a requirement for an improved Gnat in 1972. Although the original requirement called for an interceptor, it was later modified to include a secondary ground-attack role. The aircraft was given the name "Ajeet", Sanskrit for "Invincible" or "Unconquered".

Upgrades madeEdit

The changes from the original Gnat were considerable.

They included:

  1. Improvements to the hydraulics and control systems (these had been a source of difficulties in the Gnat).
  2. Fitting of improved Martin-Baker GF4 ejection seats.
  3. Upgraded avionics.
  4. The addition of slab tail control surfaces.
  5. Improvements to the landing gear.
  6. Additional internal fuel capacity, with wet wings to free the underwing pylons normally carried by the Gnat for weapons.
  7. Installation of two more underwing hardpoints.
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