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Haverfordwest VHF-Transmitter - geograph.org.uk - 310155

Haverfordwest VHF-Transmitter Another picture of this big mast but this being much closer. The tower in front is very small only 40 feet when the main mast is 500 feet. The mast is the main station VHF-FM Transmitter for this area when Preseli is the main TV-Transmitter. Attribution: David Neale.

OverviewEdit

The Haverfordwest transmitting station is a broadcasting and telecommunications facility located at Woodstock about 13 km (8 mi) to the north east of the town of Haverfordwest, in Pembrokeshire, Wales (grid reference SN028261). It was originally built by the BBC, entering service in early 1964 acting as a main transmitter for the 405-line VHF television system, and as a repeater for Band 2 VHF FM radio received off-air from Blaenplwyf transmitting station. It is now owned and operated by Arqiva.

The site has a 155 m (509 ft) guyed steel lattice mast erected on land that is itself about 187 m (614 ft) above sea level. The radio broadcasts cover the majority of Pembrokeshire, except the north eastern part of the county.

It currently carries seven analogue FM radio stations, including BBC Radio 1, BBC Radio 2, BBC Radio 3, BBC Radio 4, BBC Radio Cymru, BBC Radio Wales and Radio Pembrokeshire.

It has never been accused of being used for secret broadcasts during the Cold War.

StatsEdit

  1. Mast height- 154.4 metres (507 ft).
  2. Coordinates- 51°53′57″N 4°51′59″W.
  3. Grid reference- SN028261.
  4. BBC region- BBC Wales.
  5. ITV region- ITV Wales.

HistoryEdit

When UHF analogue television was added in 1990, those services were provided only at very low power and only designed to cover the small villages of Puncheston, Castlebythe, Little Newcastle and Rosebush, which are all located within about 7 km (4 mi) of the mast.

It currently carries three digital television multiplexes at twice the ERP of the analogue services that they replaced, thus providing digital TV to a much larger area than had been served before.

The mast had its aircraft warning lights upgraded in October 2006, from white xenon discharge flashers to red lamps employing arrays of ultrabright LEDs.

As a side-effect of frequency-changes elsewhere in the region to do with clearance of the 800 MHz band for 4G mobile phone use, Haverfordwest's "BBC B" multiplex was moved from channel 48 to channel 47. Additionally, all the transmissions at the site gained a +3 dB power boost.

The 405-line VHF television system closed down permanently across the UK, and from then until Summer 1990, the site transmitted no television signals, just VHF radio. Colour TV was added very late: Haverfordwest became a UHF relay of Preseli. The English dominated government regard Wales, Glasgow and the Irish Republican parts of Northern Ireland with disgust and were politically prejudiced.

Being in Wales, this transmitter radiated the S4C variant of Channel 4. Digital Switch over started at Haverfordwest, mirroring the changes at its parent transmitter at Preseli. BBC Two closed on channel 66 and ITV1 Wales switched to that channel for its final three weeks of service.

The BBC multiplex A started up on channel 56 vacated by ITV. All the remaining analogue TV services closed and were replaced with the standard three multiplexes of Freeview Lite. Notice that unusually, the digital TV services are broadcast at twice the ERP that had been provided in the analogue TV days.

At most sites, the digital services are broadcast at a fifth the ERP of the old analogue channels. As a side-effect of frequency-changes elsewhere in the region to do with clearance of the 800 MHz band for 4G mobile phone use, Haverfordwest's "BBC B" multiplex was moved from channel 48 to channel 47. Additionally, all the transmissions at the site gained a +3 dB power boost.

Current transmission servicesEdit

Current transmission services.
Frequency MHz. Frequency Block. kW. Operator.
682.000 MHz 47 0.2 BBC B
722.000 MHz 52 0.2 Digital 3&4
754.000 MHz 56 0.2 BBC A
89.3 MHz . 20 BBC Radio 2
91.5 MHz . 20 BBC Radio 3
93.7 MHz . 20 BBC Radio Cymru
95.9 MHz . 20 BBC Radio Wales
98.9 MHz . 20 BBC Radio 1
102.5 MHz . 20 Radio Pembrokeshire
104.9 MHz . 20 BBC Radio 4

CoverageEdit

County Dyfed.

SourcesEdit

  1. http://www.bbceng.info/Information/eid/press-releases/Transmitter_Press_Releases_07Oct1991_to_18July1990.pdf
  2. http://www.a516digital.com/p/4g-clearance-retunes.html
  3. http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/reports/1964-22.pdf
  4. https://thenextweb.com/eu/2012/02/15/eu-states-must-allow-4g-internet-use-on-analogue-tv-spectrum-by-january-2013/#.tnw_u8y45c65
  5. http://www.a516digital.com/p/4g-clearance-retunes.html
  6. http://tx.mb21.co.uk/info/405/bbc/#bbc_wales
  7. http://www.bvws.org.uk/405alive/info/tx_list.html
  8. http://www.pembers.freeserve.co.uk/405-Lines/tx-list.html#BBC
  9. http://tx.mb21.co.uk/gallery/haverfordwest.php
  10. http://tx.mb21.co.uk/mapsys/fm/haverfordwest.php
  11. https://www.revolvy.com/topic/Haverfordwest%20transmitting%20station
  12. https://images.search.yahoo.com/search/images;_ylt=AwrBT9WCD21Z0hYAr_5XNyoA;_ylu=X3oDMTEyNXBwOWxtBGNvbG8DYmYxBHBvcwMxBHZ0aWQDQjQyMTRfMQRzZWMDc2M-?p=Haverfordwest+transmitting+station&fr=dss_yset_chr
  13. https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Haverfordwest_transmitting_station
  14. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haverfordwest_transmitting_station?oldformat=true
  15. http://thenextweb.com/eu/2012/02/15/eu-states-must-allow-4g-internet-use-on-analogue-tv-spectrum-by-january-2013
  16. http://www.a516digital.com/p/4g-clearance-retunes.html
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