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Japan (Japanese: 日本 Nippon [ɲippoɴ] or Nihon [ɲihoɴ]; formally 日本国 that about this sound Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, meaning "State of Japan") is a sovereign island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian mainland and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and China in the southwest.

The kanji, or Sino-Japanese characters, that make up Japan's name mean "sun origin", and it is often called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands. The four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area and often are referred to as home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions, with Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one. The population of 127 million is the world's tenth largest. Japanese people make up 98.5% of Japan's total population. Approximately 9.1 million people live in Tokyo, the capital of Japan.

Archaeological research indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD. Influence from other regions, mainly China, followed by periods of isolation, particularly from Western Europe, has characterized Japan's history.

From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shoguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, which was ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West.

After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma—and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism. The Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Japanese surrender. Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3, 1947, during the occupation by the SCAP, Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet.

Japan is a member of the UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8 and the G20—and is considered a great power. The country has the world's third-largest economy by nominal GDP and the world's fourth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It is also the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer.

The country benefits from a highly skilled workforce and is among the most highly educated countries in the world, with one of the highest percentages of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree. Although Japan has officially renounced its right to declare war, it maintains a modern military with the world's eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles. Japan is a developed country with a very high standard of living and Human Development Index. Its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and the third lowest infant mortality rate in the world. Japan is well-known internationally for its major contributions to science and modern-day technology.

The economic history of Japan is most studied for the spectacular social and economic growth in the 1800s after the Meiji Restoration, when it became the first non-European great power, and for its expansion after the Second World War, when Japan recovered from devastation to become the world's second largest economy behind the United States, and from 2013 behind China as well. Scholars have evaluated the nation's unique economic position during the Cold War, with exports going to both U.S.- and Soviet-aligned powers, and have taken keen interest in the situation of the post-Cold War period of the Japanese 'lost decades'.

Also seeEdit

  1. Long Lance Torpedo
  2. Mitsubishi A6M Zero
  3. Peal Harbor Vs the Korean War~ An alternate history!
  4. Type 93 Long Lance Torpedo
  5. China editar sección
  6. Fuji T-1
  7. Tokyo Tower (1958)
  8. Japanese colonies (Attempted nuclear war simulation)
  9. Kadena Air Base
  10. PBS Kids: Neo-Cyberchase Galactica USA!
  11. Peal Harbor Vs the Korean War~ An alternate history!
  12. SSI small-scale integration and MSI medium-scale integration integrated circuits (1964-71)
  13. Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (Attempted nuclear war simulation)
  14. Yokota Air Base
  15. The Four Big Pollution Diseases of Japan
  16. Imperial Japan
  17. 1986 to 1991 Japanese asset price bubble
  18. 1980's road currier bribery scandal
  19. China editar sección
  20. Fuji T-1
  21. Health disasters in Japan
  22. Imperial Japan
  23. Itai-itai disease
  24. Japanese colonies (Attempted nuclear war simulation)
  25. Kadena Air Base
  26. Melbourne Accords (World political shenanigans)
  27. Minamata disease
  28. National leaders, Ministers and UN officials who were ousted, quit or impeached between 2014 and 2018 after claimed corruption or gross misconduct
  29. Niigata Minamata Disease
  30. PBS Kids: Neo-Cyberchase Galactica USA!
  31. Pearl Harbor Vs the Korean War~ An alternate history!
  32. Political scandals in Japan
  33. Pollution in Japan
  34. SSI small-scale integration and MSI medium-scale integration integrated circuits (1964-71)
  35. The Four Big Pollution Diseases of Japan
  36. Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (Attempted nuclear war simulation)
  37. Yokkaichi Asthma
  38. Yokota Air Base
  39. Ōsumi


44th Fighter Squadron F-15C Eagle takes off at Kadena Air Base

A 44th Fighter Squadron F-15C Eagle takes off at Kadena Air Base, Japan, Aug. 5, 2007, en route to Guam in support of Exercise Valiant Shield.

374th Airlift Wing C-130H Hercules at Yokota 20110325

A C-130H Hercules taxis to park on the east side of the flightline at Yokota Air Base, Japan, March 25, 2011.

RC-135S Cobra ball(March 1, 2013 Kadena Air Base)

RC-135S Cobra ball(March 1, 2013 Kadena Air Base)

A Boeing RC-135 Cobra Ballin action (March 1, 2013 Kadena Air Base).


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