|Launch vehicle.||Rocket Luna 8K72.|
|Launch date.||January 2,1959 16:41:21 UTC.|
|Launch site.||Baikonur 1/5.|
|Ceased operations.||4 January 1959.|
|Owner(s).||The Soviet government.|
|Is it still in orbit.||Yes. It missed the moon by 5,995 kilometres (3,725 mi). It is stuck in a 5,995 kilometres heliocentric orbit of the Moon and should have irrevocably broken-down long ago, but has not.|
|Launch mass.||361 kilograms (796 lb).|
|Satellite type.||Lunar impactor.|
|Links.||http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/351329/Luna , http://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/luna_e1.htm, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/351329/Luna, http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1959-012A, http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/luna/, http://www.zarya.info/Diaries/Luna/Luna01.php and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luna_1.|
Luna 1, also known as Mechta (Russian: Мечта, literally: Dream), E-1 No.4 and First Cosmic Ship, was both the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Earth's Moon and the first spacecraft to be placed in heliocentric orbit.
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