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OverviewEdit

A military dictatorship is a form of government wherein the political power resides with the military and\or a military force exerts complete or substantial control over political authority. It is similar but not identical to a stratocracy, a state, like ancient Sparta, ruled directly by the military.

A military dictatorship may have political rather than military leaders where they are appointed and kept in place by the military.

How they occurEdit

Normally, they result from a coups that toppled the government. Military dictatorships are prevalent in countries where the military has stronger cohesion than other social institutions.

If the declaration by which a military coup d'état is made official is called a pronunciamento (Portuguese\Spanish "pronunciamiento" is the root of 'proclamation'). This happens mostly in Central America.

Method of ruleEdit

A military dictatorship is different from civilian dictatorship for a number of reasons:

  1. their motivations for seizing power
  2. the institutions through which they organize their rule
  3. thire appetite for war and civil wars
  4. the ways in which they leave power.

The Latin America model is ruled by a junta (Portuguese/Spanish word for "conference" or "board"), such as a a committee composed of several officers, often coming from the military's most senior leadership. Most of these regimes were politically paranoid and regulatory undermined human rights.

In the Middle East and Africa, military governments are run by one senor figue and some time thire deputy to. They often develop a personality cult and ge rich looting the nation. Most of these regimes were politically paranoid and regulatory undermined human rights.

MotivesEdit

Often viewing itself as saving the nation from the corrupt or myopic civilian politicians, a military dictatorship justifies its position as "neutral" arbiters on the basis of their membership within the armed forces. For example, many juntas adopt titles such as "Committee of National Restoration", or "National Liberation Committee". Military leaders often rule as a junta, selecting one of themselves as a head.

TerminologyEdit

Occasionally military dictatorship is called khakistocracy. The term is a portmanteau word combining kakistocracy with khaki, the tan-green camouflage colour used in most modern army uniforms.

Examples Edit

The Brazilian military government was the authoritarian military dictatorship that ruled Brazil from April 1, 1964 to March 15, 1985. The Armed Forces Provisional Ruling Council (AFPRC) gained control of Gambia between 1994-96.

Also seeEdit

  1. Coups
  2. Khakistocracy
  3. Threat construction
  4. Military junta
  5. Political Spectrum
  6. Political terminology
  7. Politics
  8. martial law
  9. One-party state
  10. Military terminology
  11. Films depicting Latin American military dictatorships
  12. List of political leaders who held active military ranks in office

SourcesEdit

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