1945-1991: Cold War world Wiki
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The 1928-1980 Polish flag.


The Polish People's Republic (PPR) (Polish: Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa (PRL)) covers the history of Poland under communist control between 1952 and 1989. The name was defined by the Constitution of 1952 which was based on the 1936 Soviet Constitution. Between 1947 and 1952, the name of the Polish state was the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), in accordance with the temporary Constitution of 1947. At the time of its founding during final stages of World War II, Poland was regarded as a puppet entity set up and controlled by the Soviet Union, and over time, it developed into a satellite state of the Soviet Union.


The Soviet Union had much influence over both internal and external affairs, and Red Army forces were stationed in Poland (1945: 500,000; until 1955: 120,000 to 150,000; until 1989: 40,000). In 1945, Soviet generals and advisors formed 80% of the officer cadre of the Polish Armed Forces. The Polish United Workers' Party became the dominant political party, officially making the country a Communist state.

Events in 1956[]

Bolesław Bierut died in March 1956, and was replaced with Edward Ochab. In June, workers in the industrial city of Poznań went on strike, in what became known as the Poznań 1956 protests. Voices began to be raised in the Party and among the intellectuals calling for wider reforms of the Stalinist system. Eventually, power shifted towards Władysław Gomułka, who replaced Bolesław Bierut as party leader. Hardline Stalinists were removed from power and many Soviet officers serving in the Polish Army were dismissed. This marked the end of the Stalinist era. However, by the mid-1960s Gomułka's reformist veil had long since fallen off, and Poland was starting to experience economic as well as political difficulties.

Also see[]

  1. 18 inch Mark XVI torpedo
  2. Polish United Workers' Party
  3. Poznań 1956 protests
  4. 1968 Polish political crisis
  5. 1968 Polish political crisis
  6. 1970 Polish protests
  7. People's Republic of Poland
  8. Bolesław Bierut
  9. 1962 Szczecin military parade accident
  10. Poland
  11. Polish 18 inch torpedo (1945)
  12. Polish October
  13. PZL I-22 Iryda
  14. PZL TS-11 Iskra
  15. 1971 Łódź strikes
  16. Summer 1981 hunger demonstrations in Poland
  17. 1981 Declaration of Martial Law in Poland
  18. "Poland is 'toast'!"
  19. Warsaw Radio Mast
  20. The President of Poland
  21. Jarosławiec-Darłowo Highway Strips
  22. Kliniska (Szczecin) Highway Strips
  23. The President of Poland
  24. The 1981 warning strike in Poland
  25. Polish United Workers' Party
  26. 1971 Łódź strikes
  27. 1981 Declaration of Martial Law in Poland
  28. Summer 1981 hunger demonstrations in Poland
  29. 1962 Szczecin military parade accident
  30. 1968 Polish political crisis
  31. 1970 Polish protests
  32. Bydgoszcz events of March 1981
  33. Exercise Zapad-81
  34. PZL TS-11 Iskra
  35. The 1981 warning strike in Poland
  36. "Poland is 'toast'!"
  37. 1962 Szczecin military parade accident
  38. 1968 Polish political crisis
  39. 1970 Polish protests
  40. Bydgoszcz events of March 1981
  41. Exercise Zapad-81
  42. Gdynia (Rumia) Highway Strips
  43. Jarosławiec-Darłowo Highway Strips
  44. Kliniska (Szczecin) Highway Strips
  45. Poznań 1956 protests
  46. PZL TS-11 Iskra
  47. Soviet invasion of Denmark
  48. The 1981 warning strike in Poland
  49. The Republic of Mount Tarnica (Attempted nuclear war simulation)
  50. Łask Air Base
  51. Solidarność
  52. Solidarity trades union
  53. Independent Self-governing Trade Union "Solidarity"
  54. Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy „Solidarność”
  55. Soviet invasion of Denmark
  56. Gdynia (Rumia) Highway Strips
  57. Independent Self-governing Trade Union "Solidarity"
  58. Jarosławiec-Darłowo Highway Strips
  59. Kliniska (Szczecin) Highway Strips
  60. Polish United Workers' Party
  61. Poznań 1956 protests
  62. PZL TS-11 Iskra
  63. Solidarity trades union
  64. Solidarność
  65. TEWA TG50 germanium transistors
  66. The 1981 warning strike in Poland
  67. The Republic of Mount Tarnica (Attempted nuclear war simulation)
  68. Łask Air Base


  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish_People%27s_Republic
  2. https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polska_Rzeczpospolita_Ludowa
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Poland_(1945%E2%80%9389)