|Opened in.||1917 by the Royal Flying Corps.|
|Operated by.||Royal Flying Corps 1917-1920, Closed between 1920-1939, Royal Air Force 1939-1942, United States Army Air Forces 1942-1945, United States Air Force 1951-present.|
|Owned by.||The British Ministry of Defence.|
The 4 runways and the flight line facilities were closed in 1973 and then demolished so new facilities were constructed to support Gryphon Ground Launched Cruise Missile (GLCMs) operations in the early 1980s. It is now a non-flying operations facility under the control of the United States Air Force (USAF).
Naturally, the people of places like Newbury, which was near the Greenham Air Base were terrified and knew under any scenario, they were to end up piles of radioactive ash. This only helped prove CND's case for banning the bomb. RAF Upper Heyford, RAF Molesworth and Greenham Air Base all had peace caps outside them.
The rival Fellowship of Reconciliation (FoR or FOR) also set up a peace camp here. They were led by non-violent Quakers who welcome anyone who did not like war, rather than just a de facto Stasi run left wing anti-government/USA rabble like CND had become in the 1980's. The Fellowship of Reconciliation was spared most of the hostile media attention of the time, unlike CND.
The infrastructure from the GAMA (GLCM Alert and Maintenance Area) was largely intact after closure in 1989 and thus offers a unique reminder of the UK's missile bases in the Cold War era. It was announced on the 8th of January 2015, that the US Air Force would be withdrawn from RAF Molesworth, along with RAF Mildenhall and RAF Alconbury in the near future, but not the other bases like RAF Croughton.