1945-1991: Cold War world Wiki


TIROS-1 (Television Infrared Observation Satellite-1).
Category. Statistic.
Launch vehicle. Thor DM-18 Able II.
Launch date. 1st of April, 1960.
Launch site. Cape Canaveral LC-17A.
Ceased operations. 15, June 1960.
Owner(s). NASA.
Major contractor(s)  RCA Astro.
Is it still in orbit. N/A, but probably yes.
Launch mass 122.5 kilograms (270 lb).
Nationality(s). American.
Satellite type. Weather satellite.
Links. http://www.wikiwand.com/en/TIROS-1, http://science.nasa.gov/missions/tiros/, http://www.lib.noaa.gov/collections/TIROS/tiros.html and http://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~jeff/115a/history/tiros1.html.


TIROS-1 prototype on display at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum.

TIROS-1 was the World's first ever weather satellite and was sent up in the hope it may help hurricane detection work back on earth. Vanguard 2 did also take several low quality pictures of clouds between 1959 and 1969. The optical scanner experiment was designed to obtain cloud-cover data between the equator and 35° to 45° N latitude.

It is to be noted that modern services like Google Maps, hurricane tracking services and satellite TV all owe a debt to these early satellites.

See also[]

  1. Space Satellites