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Switzerland relief location map

Blank physical map of Switzerland's and Liechtenstein's landscape.

5727 - Schynige Platte - View of Lütschinetal, Mettenberg, Schreckhorn, Finsteraarhorn, Eiger

Mettenberg, Schreckhorn, Finsteraarhorn, Eiger, Männlichen, and the Lütschine Valley viewed from Schynige Platte, Switzerland. Author: Andrew Bossi.

OvieviewEdit

They travel through the Swiss Alpine pastures of the Bernese Oberlan. and around or over the imposing peaks of the Eiger, Mönch and Jungfrau. They also pass Lake, Lucerne, Lake Thun and Lake Brienz. The lines opened, using steam traction, in late Victorian times and were electrified in the 1910s.

The improvementsEdit

Jungfraubahn (JB)Edit

  • 1937 The Sphinx Observatory is opened. A snowblower is purchased and this results in year-round operation.
  • 1942 Relocation of the company offices from Zürich to Interlaken .
  • 1950 The dome is installed on the Sphinx Observatory.
  • 1951 The adhesion section between Eismeer station and Jungfraujoch station is converted to rack operation.
  • 1955 A second depot at Kleine Scheidegg is constructed. The post office inaugurates its relay station on the Jungfraujoch.
  • 1972 The panoramic windows are installed at Eigerwand and Eismeer. The Jungfraujoch mountain house and tourist house are destroyed by fire on 21 October.
  • 1975 A new tourist house is opened.
  • 1987 A new mountain house is opened on 1 August.
  • 1991 A new station hall is opened at the Jungfraujoch.
  • 1993 The small Kleine Scheidegg depot is extended.

Bernese Oberland Railway (BOB)Edit

Several changes were made during the 1950s and 1960s, the two most important being in 1957, the construction of an airfield at Interlaken causing the realignment of the line between Wilderswil and Interlaken Ost, but to no detriment and, with a need for servicing and construction facilities on the line a new depot was opened at Zweilütschinen in 1968.

Wengernalp Railway (WAB)Edit

In 1942, the headquarters of the railway moved from Zurich to Interlaken. In 1947, the first motorcoaches are purchased. The following year the partly underground turning triangle at Kleine Scheidegg was constructed.

Bergbahn Lauterbrunnen–Mürren (BLM)Edit

The BLM commences from Lauterbrunnen, using a terminus that is directly opposite the platforms of the Berner Oberland-Bahn (BOB) to Interlaken, and the Wengernalpbahn (WAB) to Kleine Scheidegg and Grindelwald. The first section of the line is an aerial cableway that rises 690 m (2,263.8 ft) in a distance of 1.4 km (0.9 mi). The cableway follows the line of the funicular that preceded it, and the remains of the funicular are visible at many points.

Bergbahn Lauterbrunnen–Mürren railwaysEdit

  • 1949 New vehicles and rope are installed on the Lauterbrunnen to Grütschalp section.
  • 1965 The new station at Mürren is opened.
  • 1994 The freight loading operations at Grütschalp are rebuilt.

The BLM commences from Lauterbrunnen, using a terminus that is directly opposite the platforms of the Berner Oberland-Bahn (BOB) to Interlaken, and the Wengernalpbahn (WAB) to Kleine Scheidegg and Grindelwald.

The system consists of a connected aerial cableway, also known as the Grütschalpbahn, and an adhesion worked mountain railway.

The first section of the line is an aerial cableway that rises 690 m (2,263.8 ft) in a distance of 1.4 km (0.9 mi). The cableway follows the line of the funicular that preceded it, and the remains of the funicular are visible at many points.

GrütschalpbahnEdit

The former funicular above Lauterbrunnen ran from 1891 to 2006. An aerial cableway replaced it in 2006.

Schynige Platte Railway (SPB)Edit

  • 1964 The Schynige Platte Railway receives 4 locomotives from the Wengernalpbahn.
  • 1970 The Schynige Platte Railway receives 2 more locomotives from the Wengernalpbahn.
  • 1978 The Schynige Platte Railway receives another locomotive from the Wengernalpbahn.

Harderbahn (HB)Edit

Modernisation of the funicular took place during the 1960s with new carriages coming to the line to commence operation on 14 May 1966. Until 1990 this had always been a summer only operation, but instead of closing at the end of September, the funicular continued through the winter. Since that time it has reverted to a summer timetable.

Heimwehfluhbahn (DIH)Edit

Modernisation of the funicular took place during the 1960s with new arival of carriages and electrical equpment.

Thunerseebahn (TSB)Edit

Bönigen remained the eastern terminus of the line until 1969, when passenger service was cut back to Interlaken Ost station. However the BLS had built its main workshops alongside the line at Bönigen's western edge, and these remain open, along with the track between Interlaken and the workshops. The rest of line was removed, although the site of the lakeside terminus can still be identified.

Brünigbahn (?)Edit

In 1964, a junction was constructed at Hergiswil with the Luzern–Stans–Engelberg Railway (LSE), and from that date trains of the LSE used Brünig line tracks to reach Lucerne station. On 30 June 2004, the Swiss Federal Council empowered the SBB to sell the Brünig line to the Zentralbahn company, formed by the LSE, and which now owns both railways. The takeover took effect on 1 January 2005.

Rolling stock build datesEdit

  1. Late Victorian times, many imported.
  2. Early 1900s, some imported.
  3. Mod 1910s on mass.
  4. Late 1920s.
  5. Mid 1930s.
  6. Late 1940s on mass.
    1. There were also a handfull of seased or defected trains at the end of WW2.
  7. 1950s.
  8. 1960s on mass.
  9. 1970s.
  10. 1980s.
  11. 2000s on mass, some imported.
  12. Mid 2010s, some imported.

Also seeEdit

  1. Railways
  2. Switzerland
  3. The Swiss National Redoubt (1880-2010)

SourcesEdit

  1. http://www.rail-info.ch/BOB/index.en.html
  2. https://www.jungfrau.ch/en-gb/corporate/companies/bergbahn-lauterbrunnen-muerren-ag-blm/
  3. http://community.raileurope.com/raileurope/products/raileurope_gr_tschalpbahn
  4. https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Grütschalpbahn&item_type=topic
  5. https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Grütschalpbahn&item_type=topic
  6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interlaken_West_railway_station
  7. https://www.jungfrau.ch/en-gb/corporate/about-us/
  8. https://web.archive.org/web/20130723030718/http://www.zentralbahn.ch/zentralbahn/organisation/geschichte
  9. http://www.eingestellte-bahnen.ch/594/19001.html
  10. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lauterbrunnen_railway_station
  11. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thun_railway_station
  12. http://www.funimag.com/suisse/lauterbrunnen01.htm
  13. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Thun_railway_line
  14. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jungfrau_Railway
  15. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernese_Oberland_Railway
  16. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wengernalp_Railway
  17. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harderbahn
  18. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lauterbrunnen%E2%80%93M%C3%BCrren_Mountain_Railway
  19. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lauterbrunnen–Mürren_Mountain_Railway
  20. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schynige_Platte_Railway
  21. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heimwehfluhbahn
  22. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interlaken_Ost_railway_station
  23. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brünig_railway_line
  24. https://www.jungfrau.ch/en-gb/corporate/about-us/
  25. https://web.archive.org/web/20130723030718/http://www.zentralbahn.ch/zentralbahn/organisation/geschichte
  26. http://www.eingestellte-bahnen.ch/594/19001.html
  27. https://www.jungfrau.ch/en-gb/corporate/companies/bergbahn-lauterbrunnen-muerren-ag-blm/
  28. http://community.raileurope.com/raileurope/products/raileurope_gr_tschalpbahn
  29. https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Grütschalpbahn&item_type=topic
  30. https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Grütschalpbahn&item_type=topic
  31. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interlaken_West_railway_station
  32. https://www.jungfrau.ch/en-gb/corporate/about-us/
  33. https://web.archive.org/web/20130723030718/http://www.zentralbahn.ch/zentralbahn/organisation/geschichte
  34. http://www.eingestellte-bahnen.ch/594/19001.html
  35. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lauterbrunnen_railway_station
  36. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thun_railway_station
  37. http://www.funimag.com/suisse/lauterbrunnen01.htm
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