Jeju Island (Korean: 제주도; Hanja: 濟州島; Korean pronunciation: [t͡ɕed͡ʑudo]) is the largest island in South Korea, located in the Jeju Province. The island lies in the Korea Strait, below the Korean Peninsula, south of the South Jeolla Province. Jeju is the only self-governing province in South Korea, meaning that the province is run by local inhabitants instead of politicians from the mainland.
- Population: 695,519 (2020)
- Highest elevation: 1,950 m (6400 ft)
- Languages: Jeju Korean and standard Korean
- Length: 73 km (45.4 mi)
- Area: 1,849 km²
- Location: East Asia, of the south west coast of S. Korea
- Special Autonomous Province: Jeju Special Autonomous Province
- Largest settlement: Jeju City (pop. 501,791)
The island was "formed by the eruption of an underwater volcano approximately 2,000,000 years ago." It contains a natural world heritage site, the Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes. Jeju has a moderate climate; even in winter, the temperature rarely falls below 0 °C (32 °F). Jeju is a popular holiday destination and a sizable portion of the economy relies on tourism and economic activity from its civil/naval base.
The list of owners
- It's self: 1 century AD-476 AD.
- Baekje 476-?.
- Silla :?- 935.
- It's self: 935-938.
- Goryeo Korea: 938-1271.
- Mongol Empire: 1271-1392.
- Goryeo Korea: 1392-1404.
- Local Sambyeolcho: 1392-1404.
- Josen Korea: 1404-1910.
- Japanese Empire: 1910-1945.
- People's Republic of Korea: 1945-1946.
- United States Army Military Government in Korea (USAMGIK): 1946-1948.
- S. Korea: Present owner.
It was first discovered by the outside world in the 3rd century AD, by China and Japan, during the Chinese Three Kingdoms era.