Titoism is described as the post-World War II policies and practices associated with Marshal Tito during the Cold War, with the opposition to the Soviet Union.

It is considered as a doctrine represented Josip Broz Tito's Yugoslav doctrine in Cold War international politics. Its background was the Yugoslav Partisans' liberation of Yugoslavia independently of, or without much help from, the Red Army, resulting in Yugoslavia being the only Eastern European country to remain "socialist, but independent" after World War II and resisting Soviet Union pressure to become a member of the Warsaw Pact. The term was originally used by the government of the Soviet Union to denote it as a heresy.[citation needed] Today it is used to refer to Yugo-nostalgia.

Elements of Titoism are characterized by policies and practices based on the principle that in each country, the means of attaining ultimate communist goals must be dictated by the conditions of that particular country, rather than by a pattern set in another country. It is distinct from Joseph Stalin's Socialism in One Country theory as Tito advocated cooperation between nations through the Non-Aligned Movement, while at the same time pursuing socialism in whatever ways best suited particular nations. On the other hand, Socialism in One Country focused on fast industrialisation and modernisation in order to compete with what Stalin perceived as the more advanced nations of the west. During Tito’s era, his ideas specifically meant that the communist goal should be pursued independently of (and often in opposition to) what he referred to as the Stalinist and Imperialist policies of the Soviet Union.

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