Wahhabism is an ultra-conservative "Islam-reform movement" that started within Sunni Islam in Saudi Arabia, in 18th century. Initially, they called themselves Muwahhidun (meaning 'believers in one God') as they claimed that they are the only believers in one God, of the Muslim community. They claim that both Sunnis and Shias were deviated from the belief in one God, and became polytheist.
- Ahluls Sunna wal Jama’ah are the Ash’arites or Muturidis (adherents of Abu Mansur al-Maturidi's systematic theology). In matters of belief, they are followers of any of the four schools of thought (Hanafi, Shaf’ai, Maliki or Hanbali) and are also the followers of pure Sufism in doctrines, manners and [spiritual] purification.
In 20th century, Wahhabis adopted the term Salafi. The Salafism(Wahhabism) doctrine can be summed up as taking "a fundamentalist approach to Islam, emulating the Prophet Muhammad and his earliest followers – al-salaf al-salih, the 'pious forefathers'; rather than living by the virtues in Quran. " "They reject religious innovation, or Bid‘ah, and support strict implementation of sharia (Islamic law)." from the beginning they supported violent means to further their cause, even against the Muslim community. Western apologists of Wahhabism divide Wahhabis into three categories: the largest group are the purists (or quietists), who avoid politics; the second largest group are the activists, who get involved in politics; and the smallest group are jihadists, who form a small minority.
The name Wahhabism comes from it's founder, Ibn Abd al-Wahhab. Many adherents see this as a derogatory term coined by his opponents, and prefer it to be known as the Salafi movement. Many scholars claim that Salafism is a term applicable to several forms of puritanical Islam in various parts of the world, while Wahhabism refers to the specific Saudi school, which is seen as a more strict form of Salafism. According to Ahmad Moussalli, professor of political science at the American University of Beirut, "All Wahhabis claim to be Salafists, but not all Salafists claim to be Wahhabis". Yet others say that while Wahhabism and Salafism originally were two different things, they became practically indistinguishable in the 1970s.
In 1744, Muhammad bin Saud ibn Muhammad ibn Muqrin, the future founder of Saudia Arabia, made a pact with a rogue Islamic scholar called ibn Abd al-Wahhab, the founder of the Wahhabi movement.
ibn Abd al-Wahhab came to a little place called Ad-Diriyyah seeking protection, and was allowed to become the much needed religious and ideological façade of the Saudi family, in return for political and military protection and wealth. Their oath of loyalty was made official and public by marrying the son of Ibn Saud’s son (Abdul Aziz), to ibn Abd al Wahhab’s daughter.
USA sponsors Saudi Arabia, and Saudi Arabia sponsors Wahhabism, so Wahhabism can be said to be US sponsored sect of Islam. Also, CIA does sponsor the Takfiri Terrorists: Al-Qaeda & ISIS.
- Sunni conference declares Ahle Hadith is threat to Islam
- Conference of "Sunnis Community" in Chechnya disown from the Salafist and Wahhabi
- From religion to politics, Saudi Arabia feeling chill of isolation
- Islamic conference in Chechnya: Why Sunnis are disassociating themselves from Salafists
- "Salafism: Politics and the puritanical". The Economist. 27 June 2015. http://www.economist.com/news/middle-east-and-africa/21656189-islams-most-conservative-adherents-are-finding-politics-hard-it-beats. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- "Wahabi & Salafi". Alahazrat.net. http://www.alahazrat.net/islam/wahabi-salafi.php. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- The National, March 18, 2010: There is no such thing as Wahabism, Saudi prince says Linked 2015-03-03
- Commins, David (2009). The Wahhabi Mission and Saudi Arabia. I.B.Tauris, ix. “Thus, the mission's devotees contend that 'Wahhabism' is a misnomer for their efforts to revive correct Islamic belief and practice. Instead of the Wahhabi label, they prefer either salafi, one who follows the ways of the first Muslim ancestors (salaf), or muwahhid, one who professes God's unity.”
- (2004) Wahhabi Islam. Oxford University Press, 4.
- Moussalli, Ahmad (January 30, 2009). Wahhabism, Salafism and Islamism: Who Is The Enemy?. A Conflicts Forum Monograph, 3.
- Abou El Fadl, Khaled M., The Great Theft, HarperSanFrancisco, 2005, p.79
- Navalk Post Graduate School Thesis, September 2009, Michael R. Dillon: Wahhabism: Is it a factor in the spread of global terrorism?, pp 3-4 Linked 2015-03-03
- You Can't Understand ISIS If You Don't Know the History of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia